COVID-related Stressors, Burnout, Turnover Intention, and Resilience during the Pandemic among Nurse Leaders
Educational Affiliation: University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB)
Project Summary: It is my great honor to be the recipient of the ALSN research grant 2020-2021 sponsored by the Versant Center for the Advancement of Nursing (VCAN). The COVID-19 pandemic introduced new stressors to nurse leaders, e.g., managing the complex staffing situation (staff shortages, reassigning nurses to cover COVID-19 units, limited bed capacity, high patient acuities, shortage of personal protective equipment), while supporting their staff nurses. However, there is little evidence on COVID-related stressors, burnout, turnover intention, and resilience among nurse leaders. Therefore, this funding has allowed me to conduct a survey study asking nurse leaders about their COVID-related stressors, burnout, turnover intention, and resilience. My goals are to advance our understanding of COVID-related stressors contributing to burnout, turnover intention, and resilience among nurse leaders during COVID-19 and to provide baseline data to inform the development of actionable interventions to prevent or at least reduce burnout and turnover intention and possibly increase resilience. Attending to the well-being of nurse leaders may have second order effects of improving staff nurses’ work-related outcomes as well as patient outcomes. Thus, the results of this study will ultimately improve the quality of care and health outcomes of patients during a global health crisis.
An Exploration of Frontline Nurses Managers’ Experience during the 2020 COVID-19 Pandemic
Project Summary: Confronting the COVID pandemic beginning in March 2020, operational nurse leaders of healthcare organizations across the country have faced major challenges related to surge capacity, personal protective equipment (PPE) supply management, infectious disease prevention practices, rapid just-in-time education and retraining of the hospital workforce, crisis communication, implementation of new clinical treatment guidelines, nearly daily changes in hospital protocols and guidelines, and management of fear, anxiety and uncertainty among staff, patients and families. As chief nursing officers across the country engage in discussions and exchange experiences, significant concerns related to the exceedingly high stress frontline nurse managers (NMs) are experiencing as they lead through the COVID-19 pandemic have risen to the forefront.
The purpose of this qualitative study is to explore the professional experiences of NMs during the COVID-19 pandemic and create tools and resources for building leadership competencies and personal resiliency for better preparedness in future pandemics and other crises. The specific research aims are to:
The Interim Nurse Manager Role and its Influence on Nursing Staff and Patient Outcomes: A Mixed Methods Approach
The quality of a manager is the single biggest factor in the success of an organization. The increasing financial pressures and clinical challenges faced by healthcare systems coupled with a growing demand to fill vacated positions has resulted in a growing need for interim nurse leaders to fill the gaps until permanent replacements can be found. With the duration of interim nursing management roles reported up to 63 weeks, to optimize the interim role, and off-set the negative effects of nurse manager turnover, there is a critical need to understand the current state of the interim nurse manager role, including the perceived impact of the role on nurse and patient outcomes.
Aim 1: Describe the current state of the interim nurse manager role, including:
Aim 2: Examine the relationships among personal characteristics, job resources, nursing practice environment, professional burnout, work engagement and nurse and patient outcomes.
Sheila Chucta DNP, RN, APRN-CNS-CNS, CCRN
Educational Affiliation: The Ohio State University
Amy Campbell, RN, MSN, PhD
Educational Affiliation: East Carolina University
"I am very honored to be the recipient of the 2018 research grant. This funding allowed me to hold focus groups to capture the voice of the Register Nurse and Nursing Assistant and their role in patient safety. As a PhD student, this allowed me to go beyond my dissertation work and have the opportunity to do a mixed methods study. I am excited to be part of an organization that has such a wide influence on nursing leadership, education, and administration."
Peggy Jenkins, PhD, RN
Educational Affiliation: University of Colorado College of Nursing
"ALSN is the perfect organization for educators of nurse leaders and I have been a member reaping benefits for several years. It was an honor to receive a research grant in 2018 for innovative action research. Over three semesters, we placed PhD and DNP health leadership students together in course work. We gathered voices of the students and constructed new knowledge describing doctoral scholarly roles and models for doctoral leadership education in health systems. Our work was accepted for publication in Advances in Nursing Science. We appreciate the support of ALSN in moving discourse forward on collaborative models for doctoral education."
Congratulations to the two grant awardees!
Heather Nelson-Brantley, PhD, RN, CCRN-K
Educational Affiliation: University of Kansas School of Nursing
"ALSN has been my professional organization home for several years and as such, it was an honor to receive the Early Career Award. I am an assistant professor who recently transitioned to the tenure track, and this award was my first externally-funded research grant. As such, it was meaningfully recognized by the dean and my faculty colleagues. The grant has enabled me to establish an interprofessional research team and to collect important pilot data that will help lay the foundation for a successful research career. To have the support of ALSN as my first extramural funder is something I will always treasure."
Susan Weaver, PhD, RN, CRNI, NEA-BC.
Educational Affiliation: Ann May Center for Nursing, Hackensack Meridian Health
"It is an honor for myself and all administrative supervisors to have received the ALSN 2017 Research Award for research on the development of the Administrative Supervisor Practice Environment scale. Considering the lack of research on the Administrative Supervisor role, receiving this grant from ALSN reinforces the value of this research specific to this vital nursing leadership role."